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Origin and Habitat: Echinopsis marsoneri has a relatively restricted range in North Argentina (Province of Salta and Jujuy)
Altitude: It grows at around 2800 to 4000 metres in altitude.
Habitat and Ecology: This species grows in rocky areas in the altiplano. It is quite common where it occurs and not subject to any major threat.
- Echinopsis marsoneri Werderm.
Echinopsis marsoneri Werderm.
Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 55; et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. C, t. 26 (1932).
- Echinopsis marsoneri Werderm.
- Lobivia chrysantha subs. marsoneri (Werderm.) Rausch ex G.D.Rowley
- Lobivia marsoneri (Werderm.) Backeb. in Backeb. & F.M.Knuth
- Echinopsis hossei Werderm.
- Echinopsis jajoiana (Backeb.) hort. ex R.Blossfeld
- Lobivia chrysantha subs. jajoiana (Backeb.) Rausch ex G.D.Rowley
- Lobivia chrysantha var. jajoiana (Backeb.) Rausch
- Lobivia jajoiana Backeb.
- Echinopsis jajoiana f. cristata hort.
- Echinopsis rubescens Backeb.
- Lobivia chrysantha var. rubescens (Backeb.) Rausch ex G.D.Rowley
- Lobivia marsoneri var. rubescens (Backeb.) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia rubescens Backeb.
- Lobivia gregeri Kreuz.
- Andenea gregeri Kreuz.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. aurata Rausch
- Lobivia jajoiana f. buiningiana (F.Ritter) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia jajoiana var. caspalasensis Rausch
- Lobivia chrysantha var. caspalasensis (Rausch) G.D.Rowley
- Lobivia jajoiana var. elegans Rausch
- Lobivia jajoiana var. fleischeriana Backeb.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. glauca (Rausch) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia jajoiana f. miniatinigra (F.Ritter) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia jajoiana var. nidularis Rausch
- Lobivia jajoiana var. nigrostoma (Kreuz. & Buining) Backeb.
- Lobivia nigrostoma Kreuz. & Buining
- Lobivia jajoiana var. paucicostata (Rausch) Rausch
- Lobivia chrysantha var. paucicostata (Rausch) Rausch in Rausch
- Lobivia glauca var. paucicostata Rausch
- Lobivia paucicostata (Rausch) hort.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. pungens Rausch
- Lobivia jajoiana var. striatipetala Y.Itô
- Lobivia marsoneri var. haageana (Backeb.) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia haageana Backeb.
- Lobivia marsoneri var. iridescens (Backeb.) Rausch
- Lobivia iridescens Backeb. in Backeb. & F.M.Knuth
- Lobivia marsoneri var. muhriae (Backeb.) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia marsoneri var. uitewaaleana (Buining) J.Ullmann
- Lobivia uitewaaleana Buining
- Lobivia tuberculosa F.Ritter
- Lobivia vatteri Krainz
- Lobivia vatteri var. robusta Backeb.
Description: Echinopsis marsoneri (commonly known as Lobivia marsoneri) is a small and very variable cactus that grows solitary or in groups. It has multicoloured and showy blooms.
Stem: Soft, about 5 to 7 cm across, gray-green, green, dark green or tan-green (depending on clones and cultivation conditions), at first spherical, egg-shaped, then elongate as it ages. The crown is slightly depressed and covered with whitish wool
Ribs: 10-14, compressed, running downward and divided into slanting tubercles whose arrangement creates the impression of a wavy line.
Areoles: 3 mm across, with grey-white felt.
Spines: Of different length, usually straight or slightly bent, directed upward, dark brown to blackish in youth, later grey.
Radial spines: Approximately 10 or less, about 1 cm long.
Central spines: 1 to 3, strong, dark, frequently red; the upper spine usually attains a length of 3 cm and is often hooked and thickened basally (but sometime the longest of them may reach the length of 4-6 cm).
Root: Thick taproot.
Flowers: Arising from the basal tubercles on the side of the plant, up to 7 cm wide, their colors is very variable, going from yellow to orange, tomato-red, vine-red and also happening through all the imaginable tones of violet. All of them have in common that the hymen (or throat ring of the flower) is always of a very dark purple-violet to black, thickened at the edge and glossy. The stamens are purple, the anthers yellow.
Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Echinopsis marsoneri group
- Echinopsis jajoiana (Backeb.) hort. ex R.Blossfeld: Flowers colors is very variable, comprising yellow, orange vine-red and violet. All of them have in common that the hymen (or throat ring of the flower) is always of a very dark purple-violet to black, thickened at the edge and glossy.
- Echinopsis jajoiana f. cristata hort.: Crested form.
- Echinopsis jajoiana cv. Anemone: Plant with Anemone like-flowers, the petals are pinkish-white with a very dark purple-violet to black contrasting throat.
- Echinopsis marsoneri Werderm.: Flowers vary from yellow to orange, tomato-red, vine-red and also happening through all the imaginable tones of violet and have a darker contransting orange, red, brown or black throat.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. aurata Rausch: has globose-spherical stems up to 50 mm in diameter and often violet tinged. Ribs 11, radial spines 2-3(-4), central spines 0-1. Flowers golden to orange, with a purple-violet to black throat. Distribution: Jujuy, Punta Corral.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. elegans Rausch: has about 16 ribs, 8-14 radials and 1 central spine. Flowers ochre orange to dark purple-red with a glossy purple-violet to black hymen. Distribution: Jujuy, west at high elevations including Tilcara.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. nigrostoma (Kreuz. & Buining) Backeb.: has yellow flower with the hymen always of a very dark purple-violet to black. Spines are not hooked, needle-like, rather long and not thick. Stems are bluish-green as in the type species. Distribution: Jujuy, Argentina.
- Lobivia jajoiana var. paucicostata (Rausch) Rausch
- Lobivia marsoneri var. iridescens (Backeb.) Rausch: has yellow blooms with orange to red to brown throats. Distribution: Jujuy, Argentina.
Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Edward Anderson “The Cactus family” Timber Press, Incorporated, 2001
2) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
3) David R Hunt; Nigel P Taylor; Graham Charles; International Cactaceae Systematics Group. "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006
4) Lowry, M. & Ortega-Baes, P. 2013. Echinopsis marsoneri. In: IUCN 2013. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 04 January 2014.
Echinopsis marsoneri Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
The gallery now contains thousands of pictures, however it is possible to do even more. We are, of course, seeking photos of species not yet shown in the gallery but not only that, we are also looking for better pictures than those already present. Read More...
Cultivation and Propagation: It is a summer-growing species that offers no cultivation difficulties and regularly shows its small greenish flowers if we provide an adequate winter rest period.
Soil: The substratum must be very porous, slightly acidic, with good drainage.
Repotting: Repotting every 2-3 years. It will need a pot with sufficient depth to allow the tap root. As it is especially prone to rot under-pot in a smaller container filled with very porous compost. Use pot with good drainage.
Watering: Water regularly from March till October (but do not over-water), and keep perfectly dry in winter, at temperatures from 5 to 15 degrees centigrade. In the rest period no high atmospheric humidity!!Care must be taken with watering as they tends to become swollen and untidy in growth habit if given too much water and shade.
Exposition: They require as much sun and light as possible, and pure air availability. Tends to bronze in strong light, which encourages flowering and heavy spine production.
Hardiness: It is quite frost resistant if kept dry (hardy to -5° C or less for short periods of time) Keep drier and cool in winter. The fluctuations of temperature between the day and the night (especially the temperature reduction at night) and fresh soil, greatly contribute to the health of plants. They cannot tolerate stagnant heat.
Fertilization: During the growing season enrich the soil using a fertilizer rich in potassium and phosphorous, but poor in nitrogen, because this chemical element doesn’t help the development of succulent plants, making them too soft and full of water.
Pests & diseases: It may be attractive to a variety of insects, but plants in good condition should be nearly pest-free, particularly if they are grown in a mineral potting-mix, with good exposure and ventilation. Nonetheless, there are several pests to watch for:
- Red spiders: Sensitive to red spider mite. Overhead watering is helpful in controlling mites.
- Mealy bugs: Occasionally mealy bugs they develop aerial into the new growth among the wool with disfiguring results, but the worst types develop underground on the roots and are invisible except by their effects.
- Scales: Scales are rarely a problem.
- Rot: Rot it is only a minor problem with cacti if the plants are watered and “aired” correctly. If they are not, fungicides won't help all that much.
Propagation: Propagate by seed or shoots. Seeds germinate in 7-14 days at 21-27° C in spring, remove the glass cover gradually as the plants develops and keep ventilated, no full sun for young plants! The seedlings should not be disturbed until they are well rooted, after which they can be planted separately in small pots.
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