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Accepted Scientific Name: Rebutia marsoneri Werderm.
Kakteenkunde 1937, 2.
(Cultived form "krainziana)
Origin and Habitat: Jujuy to Salta (Argentina)
Habitat and Ecology: The species grows in yunga forest on rocky outcrops. It is a rugged area with the high peaks separated by deep valleys, this has resulted in numerous localized forms of these plants, a factor that has resulted in their classification and nomenclature (scientific names) being in a bit of a chaotic state. The major threats are illegal collection and land use change due to agriculture and farming.
Rebutia marsoneri Werderm.
Kakteenkunde 1937, 2.
- Rebutia marsoneri Werderm.
- Rebutia minuscula var. marsoneri (Werderm.) Eb.Scholz
- Rebutia krainziana Kesselr.
- Rebutia calliantha var. krainziana (Kesselr.) Buining & Donald
- Rebutia wessneriana var. krainziana (Kesselr.) Buining & Donald
- Rebutia krainziana var. albiflora hort.
- Rebutia krainziana var. breviseta (Backeb.) Donald
- Rebutia sieperdaiana Buining
Description: Rebutia marsoneri is a small and very free flowering cactus species with bright yellow to bright orange blooms. The spines are thin and bristly and varies considerably in length depending on clones. The species is strictly related and often synonymized with Rebutia minuscula.
Habit: It is a solitary or clumping globular cactus that begins to offset in about its third or fourth year, eventually making a moderately tight clump. It can grow clumps 10-15 cm wide.
Stem: Symmetrically, depressed globose, 4-6(-7) cm in diameter and 4-6(-10) cm tall, light green to dark green, although it becomes grey as it ages.
Tubercles: Low, rounded in two downward spirals, in ratio 8:13.
Areoles Small, round, brownish white.
Spines: Up to 30(-35) in a nestshaped cluster, very thin, short bristle-like, flexible to somewhat stout, brownish to golden yellow to white, usually with dark tips, variable in length from 3 to 15 mm long and often inconspicuous.
Flowers: Rebutia marsoneri develops a larger crop of flowers from the base of each head, resulting in a superb display in mid season. The "normal" form has bright golden yellow to orange or orange-red flowers 35-45 mm long, 30-35 mm in diameter.
Fruits: Globose, brownish, to 5 mm in diameter.
Blooming season: It is usually one of the earliest rebutias to flower in spring and has a very long lasting and continuous blooming period.
Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Rebutia marsoneri group
- Rebutia krainziana Kesselr.: Small cactus with dark stem colour, emphasized by the small, white areoles, and its large orange-red flowers, (but also available in shades from dark red, to orange, yellow or white) reminding those of daisies.
- Rebutia krainziana var. albiflora hort.: Plant with pure white flowers, and very thin, very short, snow-white spines set against the dark green body.
- Rebutia krainziana cv. brevispina: is a mutant cultivar with very sort spines and the vestigial leaves in the new growth.
- Rebutia krainziana cv. inermis: The specially notable characteristics of this cactus is its green naked (spine-less) stem that will turn a lovely purple tinge in full sun.
- Rebutia krainziana cv. Inermis Cristata: Unusual crested form with smother shining green epidermis and mauve tones if exposed to sun.
- Rebutia marsoneri Werderm.: Plants usually solitary, depressed globose, with golden yellow to orange flower in spring.
Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Edward Anderson “The Cactus family” Timber Press, Incorporated, 2001
2) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
3) David R Hunt; Nigel P Taylor; Graham Charles; International Cactaceae Systematics Group. "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006
4) Curt Backeberg “Die Cactaceae: Handbuch der Kakteenkunde” Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart New York 1982–1985
5) Backeberg, Curt; "Das Kakteenlexikon" p. 384, 1966
6) Donald, John Donald; "The Classification of the Rebutias" Ashingtonia, 2: 43, 1975
7) Hlinecký, Antonín; "Rod Rebutia K. Schumann"; Fričiana, 5/36: 9, 1965
8) Krainz, Hans; "Rebutia minuscula K. Schumann; Die Kakteen", CVc, 15.7.1960
9) Pilbeam, John; "Rebutia", Cactus File Handbook No. 2. Cirio Publishing, Southampton, 1997
10) Demaio, P., Lowry, M., Ortega-Baes, P., Perea, M. & Trevisson, M. 2013. Rebutia minuscula. In: IUCN 2013. "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 January 2014.
11) Willy Cullmann, Erich Götz, Gerhard Gröner “Kakteen” edn 5 - Stuttgart Eugen Ulmer, 1984
12) Clive Innes "Complete Handbook of Cacti and Succulents" Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 01/dic/1981.
Rebutia minuscula var. marsoneri (Rebutia marsoneri) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
The gallery now contains thousands of pictures, however it is possible to do even more. We are, of course, seeking photos of species not yet shown in the gallery but not only that, we are also looking for better pictures than those already present. Read More...
Cultivation and Propagation: Full sun to light shade. Water regularly in summer but do not over-water. Keep dry in winter. Hardy down to -4°C.
It is better that they be repotted regularly. Repotting will increase the number and size of stems, and will increase the number of flowers produced. Repot yearly until it reaches about 100 mm in size, then every two or three years will suffice. Repotting is best done at the end of winter, but it can be done at other time, too. Do not water for a couple of weeks after repotting, in order to reduce risk of root rot via broken roots.
Propagation:: Offsets, seeds
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