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Echinocactus acanthodes Lem.
Cact. Gen. Sp. Nov. 106 (-108). 1839 [Feb 1839]
Family: CACTACEAE

= Ferocactus acanthodes (Lem.) Britton & Rose
Cactaceae (Britton & Rose) 3: 129, pl. 15. 1922 [12 Oct 1922] Britton & Rose

Accepted Scientific Name: Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt
Cactography 1926(1): 5. Orcutt

Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
grows slowly, forming in age a mound of thorns and then a narrow column up to 2m tall, with attractive curved spines that partly obscure the green stem. The spine colour is red but also yellow or pale grey.

Synonyms:

See all synonyms of Ferocactus cylindraceus
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Accepted name in llifle Database:
Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt
Cactography 1926(1): 5.
Synonymy: 16 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Ferocactus cylindraceus subs. eastwoodiae (L.D.Benson) N.P.Taylor
Cactaceae Syst. Init. 14: 16. 2002 [Oct 2002]
Synonymy: 4 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Ferocactus cylindraceus subs. lecontei (Engelm.) N.P.Taylor
Cactaceae Consensus Init. 6: 16. 1998
Synonymy: 7 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Ferocactus cylindraceus var. tortulispinus (H.E.Gates) Bravo
Cact. Suc. Mex. 25: 65. 1980
Synonymy: 5
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Common Names include:
ENGLISH: Spiny Barrel Cactus, Biznaga Californa, Biznaga Californa Barrel Cactus, Compass Barrel Cactus (It leans south as it ages hence the common name), Cliff Barrel Cactus, Compass cactus, Desert Barrel Cactus, Golden-spined Barrel Cactus, Le Conte Barrel Cactus, Fire Barrel (due to it's red spines)

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Ferocactus cylindraceus group

  • Ferocactus acanthodes (Lem.) Britton & Rose: Plants with a central spine 7-15 cm in length, they usually inhabits the 50-700 m elevational range.
    (Rejected name same as Feroctus cylindraceus)
  • Ferocactus acanthodes f. albispinus hort.
  • Ferocactus acanthodes var. rostii (Britton & Rose) W.T.Marshall: has columnar stems up to 3 m high and 30 cm in diameter. It is similar to F. acanthodes, but the stem is thinner and the spines are more curved and blanch to golden in maturity. Distribution: Texas and California.
  • Ferocactus acanthodes f. variegatus hort.
  • Ferocactus cylindraceus (Engelm.) Orcutt: Colourfull barrel cactus forming in age a mound of thorns and then a narrow column up to 2m tall, with attractive curved spines that partly obscure the green stem. The spine colour is red but also yellow or pale grey. Distribution: southern California, southwestern Arizona, northern Baja California, and northwestern Sonora.
  • Ferocactus cylindraceus subs. eastwoodiae (L.D.Benson) N.P.Taylor: Plants solitary, short to tall cylindrical up to 3 m high and 30 cmin diameter. Spines dense, partly obscuring the stems, yellowish to straw colored. Distribution: restricted to central Arizona and the Grand Canyon.
  • Ferocactus cylindraceus var. hertrichii (Weinberg) hort.: Usually unbranched forming a single column up to 2 m tall and 30cm in diameter. It has a large central spine and three auxiliary centrals form a crucifix shape.
  • Ferocactus cylindraceus subs. lecontei (Engelm.) N.P.Taylor: Plant with untwisted non-hooked central spines 5-7 cm in length often closely pressed to the stem; Distribution: southern Nevada, southwestern Utah, southern California, and much of Arizona. Grows at 700-1500 m in elevation.
  • Ferocactus cylindraceus var. tortulispinus (H.E.Gates) Bravo: It has much shorter stems, often with flattened tips. the spines are very twisted gray. Distribution: northern Baja California.


26936 RapCactus Raimondo Paladini
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Raimondo Paladini
8960 cactus-art Cactus Art
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Cactus Art

8959 valentino Valentino Vallicelli
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli
8961 valentino Valentino Vallicelli
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli

8963 cactus-art Cactus Art
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Cactus Art
8964 cactus-art Cactus Art
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Cactus Art

8969 cactus-art Cactus Art
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Cactus Art
8962 valentino Valentino Vallicelli
Echinocactus acanthodes (Ferocactus acanthodes) Photo by: Valentino Vallicelli

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