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Euphorbia unispina N.E.Br.
Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 6(1): 561 1911
Family: EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia unispina Photo by: Flavio Agrosi

Synonyms:

Common Names include:
ENGLISH: Candle plant
BASARY (Basari, Oniyan, Onian, Onëyan, Ayan, Biyan, Wo): a-nyεndín
BATONU (Baatonu, Baatonun, Barba): seseru
BEDIK ( Ménik, Onik, Banda): gi-mì
BEROM (Birom): yὲέp
DENDI (Dendi): lokoto
DERA (Dra, Mangguar, Kamberataro): gáarò
FULA or FULANI (Fulfulde, Pulaar, Pularl): borooje, hetjere (pl. ketje), gi’e rawandu, buurohi (pl. buuroje), pendiré
GOURMANCHEMA (Gourma, Gourmantche, Gurma): péni
GWARI (Gwari): magaba
HAUSA (Harshen Hausa هَرْشَن هَوْسَ ): tinya, bida serti, tínyàà, tumniya, tunya
KANURI (Kanuri): garuru, gururu
MANDINKA or MANDING ((Mandi\'nka kango لغة مندنكا): wanda
MANINKA (Malinke): fanfan
MOSSI ( Mõõré, Mòoré, Mooré, Moré, Moshi, Moore, More): takesindo
SAMBA-DAKA (Daka, Nyare, Sama): nu-gullam
TEM (Temba, Kotokoli, Cotocoli): feremon, dididire
TIV (Tiv): korọkọ
YOM (Pilapila,Kiliŋa, Kilir): kelempendé
YORUBA (èdè Yorùbá): ọrọ́ adẹ́tẹ̀, lepers’ ‘oro

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Euphorbia poissonii group

  • Euphorbia poissonii Pax: has stout flowering branches, with 8-10 ranks of leaves, rudimentary spines and numerous inflorescences densely clustered at the end of shoots. Tropical West Africa from Guinea to North of Nigeria
  • Euphorbia unispina N.E.Br.: has 4-5 ranks of leaves and one spine. Distribution: Guinea, Mali and southern Sudan:
  • Euphorbia venenifica Trémaux ex Kotschy: Has a very poisonous latex, thorns simple not flat at the base without basal prickles. Distribution: Chad, Sudan and Ethiopia.


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