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Euphorbia milii Des Moul.
Bull. Hist. Nat. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 1: 27 1826
Family: EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia milii Photo by: K.k. Agrawal
From panchkula cactus garden.

Synonyms:

See all synonyms of Euphorbia milii
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Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii Des Moul.
Bull. Hist. Nat. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 1: 27 1826
Synonymy: 12 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. bevilaniensis (Croizat) Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5: 150 1955
Synonymy: 3 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. hislopii (N.E.Br.) Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5: 148 1954
Synonymy: 5 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. imperatae (Leandri) Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5: 150. 1954[1955] (nom. inval. Art. 36.1)
Synonymy: 2 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. longifolia Rauh
Kakteen Sukk. 18: 182-184, ills., 1967

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. roseana Marn.-Lap.
Cactus (Paris) 73–74: 1 1962

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. splendens (Bojer ex Hook.) Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5: 148 1954
Synonymy: 8 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. tananarivae (Leandri) Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5:150 1955 5:150 1955
Synonymy: 2 Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. tenuispina Rauh & Razaf.
Euphorbia J. 7: 34 (1991)

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. tulearensis Ursch & Leandri
Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Sér. B, Biol. Vég. 5: 152. 1954

Accepted name in llifle Database:
Euphorbia milii var. vulcani Leandri
Notul. Syst. (Paris) 12: 159. 1946 (nom. inval. Art. 36.1)

Cultivars (1):
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Common Names include:
ENGLISH: Christ's thorn, Siamese Lucky Plant, Christ's plant, Christ plant, Crown-of-thorns
ARABIC ( لعربية ): فربيون شوكة المسيح, ايفوربيا شوكة المسيح
BULGARIAN (Български): Христов венец, Трънен венец, Исусов венец
CATALAN (Català): Sang de Crist, Corona d'espines, Espines del Bon Jesús, Corona de Crist, Lletrera espinosa
CHINESE (中文): 萬年刺 (Wàn nián cì), 鐵海棠 (Tiě hǎi táng), 番仔刺 (Fān zǐ cì), 麒 麟花 (Qílín huā), 花麒麟 (Huā qí lín), 猩猩草 (Xīng xīng cǎo), 虎刺梅
CZECH (Čeština): Kristova koruna, Pryšec zářivý
DANISH (Dansk): Kristi tornekrone
FRENCH (Français): épine du Christ, Euphorbe écarlate, Euphorbe de Milius, Couronne d'épines, Couronne du Christ
GERMAN (Deutsch): Chrustusdorn, Christusdorn
GREEK (Ελληνικά): Εφόρμπια (Efórmpia), Αγκάθι του Χριστού (Ankáthi tou Christoú)
ITALIAN (Italiano): Spina di Cristo, Corona di spine
JAPANESE (日本語): ショウジョウソ ウ (Shoujou sou), 花麒麟 (Shōjōsō), 花麒麟 (Hanakirin), ハナキリン, 鐵海棠 (Tetsu kaidō), 麒麟花 (Kirin hana)
KURDISH (كوردی / Kurdî): دڕکی مەسیح, دڕکی مەسیح یان تاجی دڕکاویی
LITHUANIAN (Lietuvių): Dygliuotoji karpažolė
LOWER SORBIAN (Dolnoserbski): Kristusowy śerń
MALAYALAM (മലയാളം): യൂഫോർബിയ
PORTUGUESE (Português): Coroa-de-espinho (Brazil), Coroa-de-Cristo (Brazil), Martírios (Brazil), Dois Irmãos (Brasil), Colchão de Noiva (Brasil), Coroa-de-Nossa-Senhora (Brasil), Bem-casados (Brazil), Duas Amigas (Brasil)
RUSSIAN (Русский): Молочай Миля, Эуфорбия Миля (Euforbiya Milya), Молочай прекрасный (Molochai prekrasnyj)
SPANISH (Español): Gracia de Dios (Cuba), Tú-y-yo (Cuba), Corona de espinas, Corona de Cristo, Espinas de Cristo
SWEDISH (Svenska): Kristi törnekrona
TAMIL (தமிழ்): ஐங்கோண கள்ளி Ainkōṇa kaḷḷi
THAI (ภาษาไทย): ว่าน เข็มพญาอินทร์ Waan khem phayaa in (Chiang Mai), พระเจ้ารอบโลก (Prajiao roplohk) Phrachao roplok, โป๊ยเซียน (พืช), โป๊ยเซียน Poi sian, ไม้ รับแขก Mai rap khaek (Central Thailand), ระวิงระไว Rawing rawai, ว่าน มุงเมือง Waan mung mueang (Mae Hong Son)
UPPER SORBIAN (Hornjoserbsce): Chrystowy ćerń
VIETNAMESE (Tiếng Việt): Xương rồng tàu., Xương rắn

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Euphorbia milii group

  • Euphorbia milii Des Moul.: is a semi-prostrate shrub to ca. 1.5-1.8 m tall. Stems ca.1 cm in diameter. Leaves obovate ca 1.5-2 cm broad, margins entire. Spines 1-2(-3) cm long. Cyathophylls brilliant red.
  • Euphorbia milii var. bevilaniensis (Croizat) Ursch & Leandri: has inverted triangular leaves, shoots about 5 mm in diameter and up to 1 cm long thorns. Distribution: Southern Madagascar (between Anosy and Adroy District) on gneiss rocks.
  • Euphorbia milii var. hislopii (N.E.Br.) Ursch & Leandri: is sturdy robust plant, up to 2 m tall. Stems erect sparsely branched, ca. 2 cm thick; leaves to c. 12 × 3 cm, lanceolate, cyathophylls, and both red and yellow. Distribution: Central Madagascar. Known only in culture (as a hedge plant).
  • Euphorbia milii var. imperatae (Leandri) Ursch & Leandri: forms small shrubs (up to 50 cm large) with only 5 mm thick branches, leaves ovate, to 10-7 cm. Inflorescence short only 1-or 2- flowered. Cyathophylls yellow, tending to fade to a slightly pink tint. Distribution: Eastern Madagascar in coastal forests.
  • Euphorbia milii var. longifolia Rauh: ha basally branching branches up to 2 cm thick, leaves lineaar to 20x1 cm, cyathophylls large and yellow. Distributiom: Central Madagascar on granite rocks. and differs mainly by
  • Euphorbia milii var. roseana Marn.-Lap.: has upright branches, leaves lanceolate, to 9 x 2.5 cm, inflorescences bifurcate, cyathophylls whitish yellow. Central southern Madagascar (Sakaraha) in forests.
  • Euphorbia milii var. splendens (Bojer ex Hook.) Ursch & Leandri: forms larger shrubs (up to 2 m tall ). stems sprawling with spreading branches, ca. 1 cm thick; bright green leaves to ca. 6 × 2 cm, ovate. Spines basally compressed and sometimes yellow cyathophylls. Distribution: Central Madagascar.
  • Euphorbia milii var. tananarivae (Leandri) Ursch & Leandri: forms large shrubs up to 2 m, to 3 cm thick branches and up to 8 × 10 mm yellow, red-rimmed cyathophylls. Distribution: Central Madagascar. Known only in culture (as a hedge plant).
  • Euphorbia milii var. tenuispina Rauh & Razaf.: has very slender spines thickened and bulbous at the base. Distribution: Southern Madagascar (in the mountains around Ihosy and Isalo ).
  • Euphorbia milii var. tulearensis Ursch & Leandri: has smaller, up to 1 cm long thorns and bright red cyathophylls. Distribution: South-western Madagascar (at Toliara).
  • Euphorbia milii var. vulcani Leandri: has bluish-green, to 20 × 5 cm large leaves, spines about 1 cm long, arranged in ten rows. Inflorescences long, four times bifurcated. Central to southern Madagascar (between Betafo and Ambatofinandrahana).
  • Euphorbia milii cv. antafikiensis: has yellow-white cyathophylls with green cyathia, and dark green leaves. It is known in cultivation only.


21131 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Flowers and leaves at Oakwood Lakes Boynton Beach, Florida. September 22, 2009. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr
23367 carolina Carolina González
Euphorbia milii Photo by: Carolina González

21132 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Flowering habit at Iao Tropical Gardens of Maui, Maui, Hawaii (USA). May 22, 2012. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr
26562 agrawal K.k. Agrawal
Euphorbia milii Photo by: K.k. Agrawal

21135 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Flowers at Kula Botanical Garden, Maui, Hawaii (USA). March 07, 2011. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr
21136 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Flowers and leaves at Walmart Kahului, Maui, Hawaii (USA). January 17, 2008. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr

21134 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Flowers and leaves at Kula Ace Hardware and Nursery, Maui, Hawaii (USA). September 06, 2007. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr
21133 star Forest Starr & Kim Starr
Thorns at Sacred Garden of Maliko, Maui, Hawaii (USA). January 24, 2011. Photo by: Forest Starr & Kim Starr


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