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Growing habit, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, 16 February 2018.
Origin and Habitat: Aeonium lindleyi is native to the Island of Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands off the western coast of Africa and belonging to Spain.
Altitude range: Up to 1000 metres but most common between 200 and 500 metres.
- Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berthel.
Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berthel.
Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.). 2(1): 189 1840.
- Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berthel.
Aeonium lindleyi var. viscatum (Bolle) H.Y.Liu
NMNS, Taiwan, Special Publ. 3 41 1989.
- Aeonium lindleyi var. viscatum (Bolle) H.Y.Liu
Description: Aeonium lindleyi is a small perennial succulent sub-shrub that forms small bushes about 20-50 cm high, with numerous branches carrying small rosettes. The leaves are succulent and covered with hair; they are also sticky. The flowers are yellow. Aeonium lindleyi var. lindleyi can be distinguished from var. viscatum by its extremely fleshy (usually more than 5 mm thick) and distinctly pubescent leaves.
Derivation of specific name. The specific name lindleyi in dedicated to John Lindley (1799-1865), English botanist, secretary of the Royal Horticultural Society, author of several works, especially on Rosaceae and orchids.
Branches: 3-15 mm in diameter, woody, puberulent, viscid, smooth, without reticulations.
Rosettes: 4-9 cm across, rather flattish, inner leaves more or less erect
Leaves: 20-45 mm long, 6- 16 mm wide, 5-7 mm thick, obovate, obovate-spatulate, or more or less rhomboidal, apically obtuse, acute, or attenuate, basally cuneate or atte-nuate, puberulent to distinctly pubescent, viscid, yellowish-green to dark green.
Inflorescence: Cymose panicles, floriferous part 2-7 cm long, 3-9 cm across; peduncle 1- 9 cm. Pedicels 1-10 mm long, puberulent.
Flowers: 8- to 9-merous. Sepals pubescent. Petals 5-7 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, acuminate, yellow. Filaments glabrous.
Similar species: Now A. lindleyi, like Aeonium tortuosum, is one of the perennial Aeoniums with obovate or spathulate hairy leaves and yellow flowers. It is a very different species from tortuosum, being an Aeonium (not an Aichryson), with entire scales, etc., and is a much larger, indeed a comparatively massive, plant. But it might be taken for tortuosum by anyone working from descriptions and not familiar with the plant; and there is no doubt that it has been.
Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Aeonium lindleyi group
- Aeonium lindleyi Webb & Berthel.: leaves are extremely fleshy (usually more than 5 mm thick) and distinctly pubescent. Distribution: Lanzarote, Canary Islands ± 200-1,000 m ASL.
- Aeonium lindleyi var. viscatum (Bolle) H.Y.Liu: Leaves are less than 4 mm thick and have extremely short hairs (less than 0.04 mm long). Distribution: Gomera, Canary Islands ± 100-900 m ASL.
Bibliography: Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Reto Nyffeler: Aeonium urbicum. In: Urs Eggli “Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Crassulaceae” Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 05/Nov/2012
2) Ho-yih Liu, “Systematics of Aeonium (Crassulaceae)” National Museum of Natural Science, 1989
3) Berthold Seemann, “Journal of Botany: British and Foreign”, Volume 65 West, Newman & Company, 1927
4) Aeonium lindleyi in: “The Cactus and Succulent Journal of Great Britain”, Volume 33 Cactus & Succulent Society of Great Britain., 1971
5) Urs Eggli, Leonard E. Newton: "Etymological Dictionary of Succulent Plant Names". Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg 2010
6) Ángel Bañares Baudet, Manuel V. Marrero Gómez and Stephan Scholz: "Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Crassulaceae of the Canary Islands, Spain". In: Willdenowia. 38(2): 481, 2008.
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