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Origin and Habitat: North Wester Cape, South Africa and Southern Angola.
- Orbea lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) Bruyns
Orbea lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) Bruyns
Aloe 37: 75 2000
- Orbea lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) Bruyns
- Caralluma lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) L.C.Leach
- Caralluma vaga (N.E.Br.) A.C.White & B.Sloane
- Orbeopsis lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) L.C.Leach
- Stapelia vaga N.E.Br.
- Caralluma hahnii Nel
- Caralluma nebrownii var. pseudonebrownii (Dinter) A.C.White & B.Sloane
- Caralluma pseudonebrownii Dinter
- Orbeopsis lutea subs. vaga var. nebrownii
- Caralluma nebrownii A.Berger
Orbea lutea (N.E.Br.) Bruyns
Aloe 37(4): 75 2000
- Orbea lutea (N.E.Br.) Bruyns
- Caralluma lateritia var. stevensonii A.C.White & B.Sloane
Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Orbea lutea group
- Orbea lutea (N.E.Br.) Bruyns: has much thinner and longer Corolla-lobes (3–5 times as long as broad)
- Orbea lutea subs. vaga (N.E.Br.) Bruyns: has mostly maroon flowers sometime variegated red and yellow with a much broad and short corolla segments (1.5–2.5 times as long as broad). Distribution: South Africa (NW Cape) to S Angola.
Bibliography: Major references and further lectures:
1) Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. “Medicinal plants 2” PROTA, 2013
2) Gideon Smith, Ben-Erik Van Wyk “The Garden Succulents Primer” Timber Press, 2008
3) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey “The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass” Cambridge University Press, 11 August 2011
4) Illustration: "Botanical Magazine", 8267 (1909) & 8982 (1924)
5) Illustration: White & Sloane, "The Stapelieae", edn 2, 1: f. 312-20 & 3: f. 1164 (1937).
6) Illustration: "Journal of South African Botany" 36: 162, 171, 172 (1970)
7) Illustration: Court, "Succulent flora of southern Africa", 141 (1981).
Orbea lutea subs. vaga Photo by: Luiza Ferreira
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Cultivation and Propagation: Orbea lutea subsp. vaga is a very unusual xerophytic plant, remarkably easy in cultivation and it will grow in almost any type of soil. This species grows very easily from stem cuttings planted directly in the desired spot in the garden.
Growth rate: It is a somewhat slow growing Stapeliad that will make large clumps given the best conditions. Most plants will offset readily, and clumps can be produced in a few years.
Soils: It likes very porous mineral cactus mix soil, pH 7,5 to 8,5 (mildly alkaline), but can become too elongated if compost is too rich.
Repotting: This plant needs plenty of space for its roots, repotting should be done every other year or when the it has outgrown its pot. Use pot with good drainage.
Watering: It needs regular watering, especially during the hottest summer days; provide also some light watering if the green house temperatures in winter are elevated. Either excessive or very scarce watering can induce rot.
Fertilization: Feed with a high potassium fertilizer in summer.
Frost Tolerance: For safe cultivation winter temperatures must be kept over 10° C, but it can withstand winter night-time temperatures down to about 5°(or less) Celsius for short period. Freezing temperatures are often fatal. In the rest period no high atmospheric humidity!!
Sun Exposure: Best for half-shade but grow well in full sun and full shade too. Tends to bronze in strong light, which encourages flowering, but is likely to suffer from sun scorch or stunted growth if over exposed to direct sunlight during the hottest part of the day in summer.
Diseases: Rot is only a minor problem with Orbea if the plants are watered and “aired” correctly. If they are not, fungicides won't help all that much.
Uses: It is an excellent plant for container growing. Clustering, great for a hanging display. Stems may possibly become purple and limp in winter, but revitalize in early spring. It always looks good and stays small. It look fine in a cold greenhouse and frame or outdoor in a rockery.
Propagation: Seeds and cuttings. Cuttings will root only in hot weather. Cuttings must be kept very dry to root. Seeds germinate readily if they are sown when fresh.
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