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Origin and Habitat: Garden origin Japan. The natural species comes is possibly the Haworthia occurring closest to Cape Town particularly around Worcester, Robertson, Ashton, Bonnievale, Montagu and Drew, Western Cape, South-Africa.
- Haworthia pumila cv. Tenshi no Namida
Haworthia pumila (L.) Duval
Pl. Succ. Horto Alencon. 7 1809
- Haworthia pumila (L.) Duval
- Aloe arachnoides var. pumila (L.) Aiton
- Aloe margaritifera (L.) Burm.f.
- Aloe pumila L.
- Aloe pumila var. margaritifera L.
- Apicra margaritifera (L.) Willd.
- Catevala margaritifera (L.) Kuntze
- Haworthia margaritifera (L.) Haw.
- Tulista margaritifera (L.) Raf.
- Aloe granata Salm-Dyck
- Tulista pumila (L.) G.D.Rowley
- Aloe semimargaritifera var. minor Salm-Dyck
- Haworthia corallina Baker
- Haworthia margaritifera var. laevior (Salm-Dyck) Uitewaal
- Aloe subalbicans var. laevior Salm-Dyck
- Haworthia margaritifera subvar. laevior (Salm-Dyck) A.Berger
- Haworthia margaritifera var. semimargaritifera (Salm-Dyck) Baker
- Haworthia margaritifera var. subalbicans (Salm-Dyck) A.Berger
- Aloe subalbicans Salm-Dyck
- Haworthia margaritifera subvar. acuminata (Salm-Dyck) A.Berger
- Aloe subalbicans var. acuminata Salm-Dyck
- Haworthia margaritifera subvar. major (Salm-Dyck) A.Berger
- Haworthia margaritifera subvar. multipapillosa (Salm-Dyck) A.Berger
- Haworthia semiglabrata Haw.
- Haworthia semimargaritifera var. multiperla Haw.
- Haworthia pumila cv. Tenshi no Namida
JAPANESE (日本語): 天使の泪
Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Haworthia pumila group
Cultivation and Propagation: Haworthia pumila are of easy cultivation and relatively low maintenance, which makes them a good houseplant, and can be excellent subjects for the beginning succulentophile (they can grow easily on window sills, verandas and in miniature succulent gardens where they are happy to share their habitat with other smaller succulent plants, or in outdoor rockeries).
Growth rate: They are relatively slow-growing plants that offsets to form small clusters with time.
Soil: They are tolerant of a wide range of soils and habitats, but prefer a very porous potting mix to increase drainage. A non-acid soil is ideal. You can grow a plant in a 10-15 cm pot for years and have perfectly happy plants. For best results, use a shallow pot.
Exposition: The plant needs light shade to shade, but will take full sun part of the day. (with some sun exposure the leaf develops a nice reddish tint and remains compact)
Watering: During the hot summer months, the soil should be kept moist but not overly wet. During the winter months, water only when the soil becomes completely dry. Wet soil quickly causes root and stem rot, especially during chilly winter months. No water should ever be allowed to stand around the roots. Low ambient humidity is always needed.
Fertilization: The plants are fertilized only once during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer diluted to ½ the recommended strength.
Hardiness: Although the plant will survive mild frost if kept dry (hardy as low as -5° C) it should be protected from severe cold and prolonged frost conditions.
Rot: Rot is only a minor problem with Haworthia if the plants are watered and “aired” correctly. If they are not, fungicides won't help all that much. Care must be given in watering, keeping them warm and wet while growing, and cooler and dry when dormant.
Remarks: Haworthias are best planted in a shaded and airy part of the greenhouse, and not too close to the glass roof or sides of the house as the plants can overheat during hot spells.
Propagation: Haworthia are easily propagated by the removal of offshoots or by leaf cuttings in spring or summer. To propagate by leaf cuttings, remove a leaf and let it lie for about one month, giving the wound time to heal. Then lay the leaf on its side with the basal part buried in the soil. This leaf should root within a month or two, and small plants will form at the leaf base. They can also be grown from seed.
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