Your support is critical to our success.
Origin and Habitat: These plants are endemic to the northwest corner of the Richtersveld Diamond Coast, Northen Namaqualand, Northern Cape, South Africa.
Altitude: Less than 300 metres above sea level.
Habitat and Ecology: It grows mostly restricted to deep sandy areas between shale rocks, in wider, sand-filled crevices where it often grows sunken or overblown by sand. This plant stays most of its live hidden under ground until the first rain. Rainfall less than 100 mm per annum in winter. C. verrucosa occurs sympatrically with Cheiridopsis brownii and is often found in association with Astridia velutina, Dracophilus dealbatus, Fenestraria rhopalophylla subsp. aurantiaca, Lithops herrei, Psammophora modesta, Euphorbia herrei, Tylecodon schaeferianus, and Sarcocaulon multifidum.
- Cheiridopsis verrucosa L. Bolus
Cheiridopsis verrucosa L. Bolus
S. African Gard. 17: 281 1927
- Cheiridopsis verrucosa L. Bolus
- Cheiridopsis mirabilis Schwantes
- Cheiridopsis verrucosa var. minor L. Bolus
ENGLISH: Coats claws
AFRIKAANS (Afrikaans): Sandboudjies, Bokspoortjies
Description: Cheiridopsis verrucosa is a is a neat little plant with small leaves forming a long sheath result in an almost globular body that looks like Pleiospilos (living stones), thus separating C. verrucosa from all other species of Cheiridopsis. The plants name verrucosa (warty) pertains to its leaves bearing small darker green dots, this dots are transparent and acts as small windows to let the sunlight in for photosynthesis.
Habit: Compact, clump-forming succulent plant that grows mostly sunken into the ground.
Leaves: Often growing half-hidden in the ground, nearly semi-globose in shape, more than 50% connate (joined), 15-30 mm long.
Flowers: Solitary and terminal, yellow, less than 35 mm in diameter.
Blooming season: Late Winter and early Spring.
Fruit (Hygrochastic seed capsules): 12-18 mm long, 7-9 mm in diameter, mostly 10-locular, decumbent, bracteoles fixed at 1/3 of length, base of capsule mostly bell-shaped, top flat, covering membranes straight, rims very low.
Seeds: Smooth, micropyle elongate, protruding, 0.7-0.75 mm long, 0.35-0.4 mm broad, 0.35-0.4 mm tall.
Chromosome number: 2n = 18.
Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Burgoyne, P.M. 2006. Cheiridopsis verrucosa L.Bolus. National Assessment: "Red List of South African Plants" version 2013.1. Accessed on 2014/02/02
2) Heidrun E. K. Hartmann “Aizoaceae A – E” Springer, 2002
3) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey “The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass” Cambridge University Press, 11/Aug/2011
4) Hermann Jacobsen, Vera Higgins “Succulent Plants: Description, Cultivation and Uses of Succulent Plants, Other Than Cacti” Williams and Norgate, Limited, 1935
5) Jacobsen. “Handbook of succulent plants” 1328 (1960)
Cultivation and Propagation: Cheiridopsis is a "winter" grower which are most active from late winter until later spring and heading for summer dormancy, but in favourable growing conditions it keeps going over the summer too and doesn't need particular care. It is relatively easy to grow.
Soil: Requires good drainage as it it is prone to root rot. It can grows outdoor in sunny, dry, rock crevices (protection against winter wet is required) It can also be cultivated in alpine house, in poor, drained soil.
Fertilization: It thrives in poor soils and seems sensitive to an excess of potassium.
Watering: Water minimally in summer, only when the plant starts shrivelling, water more abundantly when they are growing in the autumn and spring. Requires little water otherwise its epidermis breaks (resulting in unsightly scars).
Light: It needs a bright sunny or light shade exposure in winter, but keep cool and shaded in summer.
Hardiness: It prefer a very bright situation and will take a light frost (Hardy to -5°C) if it is in dry soil. USDA zones 9A-11.
Uses: Container, rock garden.
Propagation: Seed in spring or (or rarely) cuttings. It is easily propagated by seed.
|Back to Cheiridopsis index|
|Back to Aizoaceae index|
|Back to Succulents Encyclopedia index|