Your support is critical to our success.
The small glittering pearls on the leaves are special water storage cells rich in sugars characteristic of succulents, in Monilaria these cells may be ½ a mm in diameter and can retain their moisture for weeks when separated and exposed to dry air. It is a very interesting and easily flowered plant with brilliant green spaghetti leaves.
Origin and Habitat: Endemic to Richtersveld North & South, Namaqualand. (South Africa)
Habitat: Grows over small hills on quartz fields supports in drought-prone microenvironments in winter rainfall regions.
Ecology: They are seasonal or drought-induced deciduous plants. Deciduousness is a common adaptational strategy in aboveground persistent succulent species native of arid areas of South Africa.
- Monilaria obconica Ihlenf. & S.Jörg.
Description: It is a smallish clump-forming succulent plant. It is a seasonal deciduous species and has also both succulent leaves and stems.
Stem: Short branched with a beaded structure.
Leaves: Spaghetti-like green that eventually turn red in sun. The small glittering pearls on the epidermis are special water storage cells rich in sugars characteristic of succulents, in Monilaria these cells may be half a mm in diameter and can retain their moisture for weeks when separated and exposed to dry air.
The possession of two different leaf forms (heterophylly) is a also a distictive characteristic of Monillaria (and of Mitrophyllum) the leaf pair formed at the start of the dormant season being more united and compact than that formed when in full growth, and acting as a protective sheath to the stem apex.
Flowers: It has spectacular rose flowers.
Note: Monilarias are unlike any other in that each year one small bead-shaped leaf persists as the stem. Growing only one ”bead“ each year makes it very easy to guess how old a plant may be.
Bibliography: Major references and further lectures
1) Doreen Court "Succulent Flora of Southern Africa" CRC Press, 01/giu/2000
2) Klak, C., Victor, J.E., Burgoyne, P.M. & Daniels, F. 2005. Monilaria obconica Ihlenf. & S.Jörg. National Assessment: "Red List of South African Plants" version 2013.1. Accessed on 2014/02/02
3) Cliff Fielding “Messing with Mesembs: Monilaria” in: Central Spine, Newsletter of the Central Arizona Cactus & Succulent Society, DECEMBER, 2009
4) James Cullen, Sabina G. Knees, H. Suzanne Cubey "The European Garden Flora Flowering Plants: A Manual for the Identification of Plants Cultivated in Europe, Both Out-of-Doors and Under Glass" Cambridge University Press, 11/ago/2011
5) Heidrun E. K. Hartmann: "Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae F-Z." Springer Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York 2001
6) Gideon Smith. "Mesembs of the World: Illustrated Guide to a Remarkable Succulent Group." Briza Publications, 1998
7) H.-D. Ihlenfeld, S. Jörgensen: "Morphologie und Taxonomie der Gattung Monilaria (Schwantes) Schwantes s. str. (Mesembryanthemaceae)." In: Mitteilungen aus dem Institut für Allgemeine Botanik Hamburg. Volume 14: 49–94 1973
New signs of turgidity and green colour at their extremities in autumn after the summer resting period. Photo by: Cactus Art
The gallery now contains thousands of pictures, however it is possible to do even more. We are, of course, seeking photos of species not yet shown in the gallery but not only that, we are also looking for better pictures than those already present. Read More...
Cultivation and Propagation: It is relatively easy to grow. These plants grow on winter rain and head for summer dormancy. The growing season in northern hemisphere is from September to March. Water minimally in summer. Water regularly in winter after the new long green leaves appears at their extremities in autumn after the summer resting period. Requires good drainage. It enjoy some shade (avoid direct sun as it grows wild among rocks and under the shade of other plants) and in summer it need to be kept in a cool area. Hardy to -2°C. Ensure a very good ventilation. Avoid to repot frequently. This plant may stay in the same pot for many years. Plants grown in larger containers have frequently relatively poor flowers. It might improve when the plants are given their own, small individual pots.
Be careful not to apply too much fertilizer
Propagation: It can be reproduced both by cuttings and seeds. Take the cutting from a grown-up mother plant. Each cutting must contain one or more branches along with a fraction of root.
|Back to Monilaria index|
|Back to Aizoaceae index|
|Back to Succulents Encyclopedia index|