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Origin and Habitat: Vitoria da Conquista, Bahia, Brazil.
Description: "Melocatus conquistaensis" is a nomen nudum (undescribed name) used by some seeds collectors and succulent traders to indicate different plants from the city of Vitoria da Conquista, located in the state of Bahia in Brazil. In Vitoria da Conquista occur the following taxa of Melocactus: Melocactus zehntneri, Melocactus ernestii, Melocactus concinnus, and Melocactus conoideus. The latter is an endangered species in habitat.
Melocactus concinnus has a glaucous-blue epidermis. The others have a green epidermis. Melocactus conoideus is disc-shaped and has short spines, usually 8 + 1 central. Melocactus zehntneri is variable, but is always globular to elongated, and has spines similar to those of Melocactus conoideus, although stouter and larger. Melocactus ernestii has a globular body and brownish-red long spines.
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